Dr. Liston and the Surgery That Killed Three People

Dr. Liston and the Surgery That Killed Three People

In the days before anesthesia, surgeries were a dangerous and traumatic affair. Patients were conscious as they were operated on and surgeries needed to be as fast as possible to minimize pain, panic, and blood loss. One in four people died after surgery, either on the operating table or from infection after. What about Dr. Liston? Only one in ten of his patients died. However, one fateful surgery would lead to the deaths of three people.

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Science Ain't Afraid of No Ghosts!

Science Ain't Afraid of No Ghosts!

According to polls, around half of all Americans believe in ghosts. Close to 20% report having seen one at some point in their lives. Though it is beyond the scope of the Bruce Museum Science Department to come down one way or another on the existence of ghosts, what we can say is this: Many paranormal encounters can be explained with science!

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Why Leaves Change Color

Why Leaves Change Color

It’s beginning to feel a lot like autumn around the Bruce Museum. There are many things to enjoy about fall, from apple cider to pumpkin picking, and the rich reds and golds of the trees are a true delight. These color changes might be beautiful, but what they actually reflect is a series of biological and chemical processes that help prepare a tree for winter.

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